Modern Art is a classification that covers all art created between 1860 and 1970, and all the major artistic movements during the same period (Impressionism, Bauhaus, Surrealism, Expressionism, Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Photography as art, pop art, minimalism, etc.) under its umbrella wide.
Modern art is a field that has taught extensively in many creative institutions today, as it allows students to some of the most extensive and inspiration of how to express their individual artistic impulses in a variety of applications and media.
Several schools in the U.S. to adopt the traditions, techniques and spirit of modern art to tell their students the historical context of modern art and how its pushed the boundaries of what is considered art.
Practitioners of modern art were pioneers and rebels dismiss or question the traditions and aesthetics of the previous centuries (classical, Renaissance, etc.) and experimented with revolutionary and revolutionary ways and means of seeing the world around them stating that painting, sculpture and new forms of art (ie photography), the use of new materials and techniques never before used, and found a new meaning in the general purpose and function of art.
The so-called founding fathers of the modern movement includes a pantheon of great artists and their work - Edouard Manet, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne (Impressionism) and Georges Seurat (pointillism) - to name a few, each made a personal vision, aesthetics and style that is now considered the initial entries in the world of this artistic movement.
From late 1890 to 1930, there was an explosion of schools of thought that informed the art scene in Europe and the United States that helped spawn the new art movements and groups. During this period the world witnessed the emergence of such giants as Picasso heavyweight (for the first time in Cubism and his own amusement impressive), Dali, Man Ray and Buñuel (surrealism), and Munch, El Greco, Kandinksy (expression). These artists and many contemporary figures and movements that defined many emotions to explore new creative expression.
After the Second World War "culture put on pause", became the United States the epicenter of most of the new artistic movements and a large number of art styles and traditions emerged in the years 1950 and 1960. As the 1970s came to close, the art critic Douglas Crimp proclaimed "The End of Painting" in a confrontation assay, and therefore the period known as modern art came to close.
Although some would argue that modern art argues for a break from the traditions and classifications of art, art schools can prepare students with extensive and the foundation from which they can "break the rules" and have the freedom to create without limits or restrictions. There are numerous art academies, such as San Francisco art schools around the country that can provide a solid foundation for the practice of modern art.